Anything that flows is a fluid. Most obviously, all liquids and all gases are fluids. Many phenomena apart from liquids and gases are also considered fluids, and modeled using equations of fluid mechanics. These include:
- Multi-phase liquids
- Large ensembles of particles
- “Flowy” phenomena such as vehicular traffic and crowds(to a certain extent)
- Fluidized particle beds
Fluid mechanics is obviously important in many industries: automotive, aerospace, chemical and manufacturing industries being the obvious examples. Fluid mechanics is also important in scientific endeavors such as meteorology (the science of weather), atmospheric sciences and astrophysics.
Some Noumenon projects involving fluid mechanics:
PERFORMANCE OF SEALS. We built new theory and simulation methods to predict the behavior of sealing solutions before they are manufactured and tested. Read more…
PIPELINE FLOW SIMULATOR. Calculates pressure drop across a pipeline given its design and the total rate of fluid flow. Apart from building the solver, we also built a front end so that engineers not specializing in simulations will be able to use the software to design and optimize pipelines for various applications.